The shipping industry is responsible for transporting over 95% of all goods traded around the world today. The high levels of pollution from the maritime industry caused by the combustion of heavy fuels emits high levels of SOx, NOx and CO2. Therefore, there has been an increased focus on minimizing the emissions coming from heavy fuel shipping throughout the recent years.
Emissions from the maritime industry is politically regulated by the International Maritime Organization and the Tier III environmental regulations. These regulations restrict the release of SOx and NOx in Emission Control Areas.
To achieve the Tier III regulations, it has been crucial to look at other forms for alternatives to heavy fuels. Among all fuel alternatives under discussion, DNV GL has identified LNG, LPG, methanol and other power-to-fuel solutions as the most promising alternative fuels for shipping towards 2050, as it reduces emissions significantly.
At Eltronic FuelTech, we already develop solutions making it possible for ships to run on fuels like LNG, LPG and Methanol and we are continiously looking into the market for new fuel opportunities.
Ammonia is interesting because it is an energy carrier that does not contain carbon, and whose combustion therefore does not produce CO2. Similarly, its production from electricity doesn’t require a carbon-based source, while its production is infinitely scalable.
Since large quantities of ammonia are already transported around the world, it is a well-established commodity with some 120 ports globally currently importing/exporting it, and some with storage facilities. Thus, using ammonia to power ships would be a natural step with infrastructure already in place.